Mycotoxins, the danger of a silent enemy

Mycotoxins, the danger of a silent enemy

Mycotoxins are toxic, carcinogenic substances produced by fungi commonly found in grain and feed*. After being ingested, these toxins are absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and can cause a variety of clinical and sub-clinical diseases, thereby significantly reducing animal productivity.

* According to the FAO, more than 25% of grains are contaminated by mycotoxins.

Effects of mycotoxins on animals 

Growth rate
• Decrease in intake
• Decrease in the rumen
• Gastroenteritis and vomiting
• Gastrointestinal haemorrhaging

Immunity
• Decreased efficacy of vaccinations and antibiotic treatments
• Immunosuppression
• Increase in cases of mastitis

Metabolism
• Ketosis
• Hepatic disorders
• Poor thermal regulation
• Laminitis

Reproduction
• Decrease in births and increase in abortions
• Ovarian hypertrophy
• Reproductive problems
• Prolapses

Production
• Decrease in milk production
• Milk contamination 

Detecting any of the main mycotoxins (aflatoxin, ochratoxin, DON, T2 toxin, zearalenone, fumonisin…) can be an indicator of the presence of other unknown mycotoxins.

They all have different negative effects on cattle, with alfatoxin B1 being the one that is most alarming, as it has very severe mutagenic effects on humans.

Aflatoxin B1 is metabolised in the liver and rumen of the cow and passes into milk in the form of aflatoxin M1, with 0,05 ppb* being considered the maximum level allowed in raw milk and heat-treated milk for human consumption.

* COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. 

toxidex+M1® acts against mycotoxins through a triple mechanism of retention, attraction and destruction.

toxidex+M1® mycotoxins physically and chemically due to a special combination of selected aluminosilicates. The natural polar attraction of silicates is increased by the presence of surfactant. Aluminosilicates are chemically activated with agents that have a mycotoxin inactivating and destroying effect.

The combination of the three mechanisms renders toxidex+M1® a unique product with a high efficacy against a broad spectrum of mycotoxins.


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